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I don t want to dwell too long on this book I was looking for a good introduction to the ancient civilisations of Mesopotamia and this came out on top Initially it came across as a mixture of dry, informed yet also sprinkled with jewels of information that would keep one hooked but as it went on, I don t know, perhaps I grew used to the slightly dated academic style In small doses a chapter at a time it was thoroughly approachable, and certainly very informative.This isn t an easy topic to write about and it always amazes me how archeologists are able to piece together a history of times that are so old we re talking at least 5000 years ago when we start The great kings are stuff of legend They re all here Gilgamesh, Sargon, Hammurabi, Sennacherib, Ashurbanipal and Nebuchadnezzar The great cities of antiquity Ur, Akkad, Nimrud and Babylon Dynasties rise and fall, some even rise again as waves of conquest, achievement and decline flow though this ancient and not too gentle land And always, somehow running parallel, are the ghosts of recent wars and destruction.I finished this book very aware of what has been lost, what might still be there lying in the dust and sand awaiting discovery but also what has been wantonly destroyed by war and religious fanaticism What shall I do now All my hardships have been for nothing was it for this that my hands have laboured, was it for this that I gave my heart s blood Gilgamesh trans Stephen Mitchell. Perhaps a bit outdated but is still a very well written introduction to the history of ancient Mesopotamia Starting with a geographical overview of ancient Mesopotamia, the author gives a broad historical picture right from the paleolithic age when neanderthals still inhabited the caves in Kurdistan, through the various prehistoric hunter gatherer, part sedentary pastoral, and sedentary agricultural periods, and to the rise of the first Sumerian city states and their rise and fall through various civilisations and empires until the Sassanian period Even though it is essentially a history of the rise and fall of kingdoms and empires, the author does a good job in providing an overview of the social organisation and the life of the citizens, and the economic basis of the society, and how they changed over the time.On the whole a balanced, comprehensive and readable history of ancient Mesopotamia with a good sketching of the various prehistoric archaeological cultures, and the Mesopotamian mythology. Great general history of early Mesopotamia Why is it that French historians always write the most insightful books on pre bronze age cultures Whether it is Egypt, Kush or Mesopotamia This book follows the land between the Tigris and Euphrates from stone age Ur and Sumer into the peoples known today as the Assyrians, Chaldeans, Hittites, Semites and Babylonians The book includes lengthy notes and possibly the most clearly drawn and comprehensible series of maps I have seen in black and white That is amazing and necessary for the reader to follow the chronological events occurring over 15 centuries and involving at least six different cultures The author views many works, such as the Bible and the Epic of Gilgamesh, as legitimate, although flawed, historical documents He relates much of what we know with events in Palestine, Egypt, Asia Minor, Crete, Iran and India I highly recommend this book. First published in 1964, it is naturally outdated But ancient histories will long date themselves as long as archaeologists continue to work It is otherwise a thorough look at the complex history of the area Roux dubs ancient Iraq. Ancient Iraq by Georges Roux is a book covering the entire history and culture of Mesopotamian civilization, all three thousand years of it from its prehistory to the final demise of Mesopotamian civilization in the first century A.D.The term Mesopotamia originated with the Greeks and it means the land between the rivers and does not include all of Iraq and all of what we have come to think of as Mesopotamia Surprisingly the ancient inhabitants had no name covering the totality of the country in which they lived.Though in many ways the inventors of civilization often little remains for the visitor to see of this once great civilization t he dissolving rain, the sand bearing winds, the earth splitting sun conspired to obliterate all remains and these desolate ruins offer perhaps the best lesson in modesty that we shall ever receive from history Part of the reason for the lack of remains is the nature of the Iraqi environment, as the meandering Tigris and Euphrates rivers occasionally change course, isolating once riverside sites as forlorn ruin mounds in a desert of silt, several miles from modern waterways Also these ancient towns were built of nothing but mud as stone was rare At first made of piled up mud pis or adobe, as early as the ninth millennium B.C clay was mixed with straw, gravel, or potsherds and made into sun dried or kiln baked bricks.The very nature of the rivers had a lot to do with the origins of Mesopotamian civilization As the combined flood periods of the two rivers do not occur when it is best for agriculture, fields must be irrigated To create these canals and maintain them against silting up require colossal, unending labor of many people, something that sowed both the seeds of local strife and political unity The effort to maintain canals and to insure an equitable distribution of water reinforced the authority of the original town chiefs, the high priests, and along with the scarcity of fertile land lead to the concentration of power and wealth in a few hands in a few places, to the creation of cities where further technical and artistic achievements could be made, and the invention of writing to record transactions.In many ways the book can be read as the rise, spread, and then the decline and fall of Mesopotamian civilization It was amazing just how small Sumeria really was it was a mere 30,000 square kilometers, a bit smaller than Belgium, a narrow strip of land around the Euphrates from about the latitude of Baghdad stretching to the Gulf, with the average city state less than 3000 square kilometers and at most 35,000 people Sargon and his Akkadian successors subdued the fractious Sumerian city states and also conquered the entire Tigris Euphrates basin and built the first great Mesopotamian kingdom Though the Akkadian empire only lasted 200 years, collapsing from the pressure of mountain tribes and internal rebellion, it set an important example, as to reconstruct Mesopotamian unity, to reach what we could call its natural limits became the dream of all subsequent monarchs, and from the middle of the third millennium until the fall of Babylon in 539 B.C the history of ancient Iraq consists of their attempts, their successes and their failures to achieve this aim The Akkadians greatly enlarged the geographical horizon of Sumer and Sumero Akkadian culture, supported by cuneiform writing, was adopted by the people outside of Sumeria In addition the Akkadians forever blended the two historical populations of Iraq the non Semitic Sumerians and the Semites , ringed the death knell for city states, heralded the advent of large, centralized kingdoms, and eroded the power of the temples.Later as a result of the migration of a very large ethno linguist group, the Indo Europeans, young energetic nations emerged in and around Mesopotamia That, plus the involvement of Egypt in Near Eastern politics from 1600 BC onwards meant that history in ancient Iraq was raised to a truly international scale, with Mesopotamian political fortunes as well as its culture and science influencing and influenced by foreign powers from then on.The Assyrians played a huge role, though they don t come off well, as Roux wrote of the greed and ambition of Assyrian kings, of their typical oriental desire to cover themselves with glory, to pose as invincible demigods in front of their subjects, that a combination of religious views and greed lead to brigandry and occasional massacres in their attempts to create an empire, which was an act of gangsterism but also a crusade Though they did preserve Sumero Akkadian Babylonian culture, they left the Near East as a whole impoverished as they took much, gave little, cared little for the advancement of their subjects, and as a result of their wars the rich land of Egypt was forever lost and the Phoenicians lost their rich maritime and colonial empire to the Greeks.After a last flowering under Nebuchadrezzar II and a brilliant but short lived Neo Babylonian period Babylon fell without resistance to the Persian conqueror Cyrus The Persians however did not destroy Babylon or other cities, and there are monuments and inscriptions dating from the Achaemenian, Hellenistic, and Parthian periods testifying to a partial survival of Mesopotamian civilization down to the 1st century AD Why the slow decline and ultimately vanishing of this civilization The three main reasons were the absence of any real national Mesopotamian government, the foundation by Alexander and his successors of new cities competing with and eventually superseding the older cities, and than anything the massive linguistic, ethnic, religious, and cultural changes introduced by waves of Persian, Greek, Aramaean, and pre Islamic Arab invaders, peoples who could neither be kept at bay nor assimilated While previous invading peoples such as the Amorites and the Kassites found a young, vigorous culture superior to the own, one which they eventually adopted, later invaders felt that Mesopotamia offered relatively little, that it was a fossilized culture largely perpetuated by a few priests in a few temples basically, it had died of old age. Excellent, excellent writing for a book I was expecting to be somewhat tedious If you are interested in ancient Iraq and the culture that grew there this would be your book. Outstanding An incredible general history of the region. Easy to read overview of ancient Mesopotamia, but probably vastly outdated by now. and then there are history books that don t age A lifetime s passion, humanist scholarship, a flair for writing I don t care if this one s dated You don t even miss pictures with such an evocative hand at the pen. ^Free Book ↞ Ancient Iraq ⇹ Histoire de l Irak Wikipdia Ancient Iraq Roux, Georges Livres I found Ancient Iraq to be an excellent follow up book The most informative sections for me were the chapters on the Sumerians, the Time of Confusion c BC to BC , and those on the Assyrian Empire These are all periods which I want to knowabout the Sumerians for how their civilization developed from small settlements along the Land of the Two Rivers to the development Ancient Iraq Roux, Georges Livres NotRetrouvez Ancient Iraq et des millions de livres en stock surAchetez neuf ou d occasion Iraq WikipediaAncient Iraq Mesopotamia Ancient Civilizations Ancient Iraq Mesopotamia Southwest Asia Middle East Geography Most of Southwest Asia has an Arid climate today An Arid climate receives less thaninches of precipitation rain, sleet, or snow Arid areas are usually covered in desert and often experience very high temperatures This region was not always covered in desert Ancient Ancient Iraq Georges Roux Free Download, Ancient Iraq by Georges Roux Publication dateTopics Ancient Near East, Middle East History, History General History, History World, Iraq, To , Ancient General, Civilization, History Ancient General, History Publisher Penguin Non Classics Collection inlibrary printdisabled internetarchivebooks china Digitizing sponsor Internet Archive Contributor Internet ArchiveAncient Iraq by Georges Roux Goodreads ANCIENT IRAQ by George Roux is not only an essential read because of political and violent upheaval in the world today but because it throws light on ancient cultures,