#Read Epub ß Mountains of the Pharaohs: The Untold Story of the Pyramid Builders ⚢ eBook or E-pub free

Very Enjoyable This short book was full of new and interesting information so often lost in the thousands of years between the pyramids and our civilization He begins with the age of the pyramids and Djoser, then on to Snefru and the birth of the true pyramids He then goes into detail of the construction of the Pyramids of Giza A must read for any who love pyramids Hawass has a frank manner of writing which I appreciate, especially his description of the museum holding Khufu s boat as ugly Very Enjoyable This short book was full of new and interesting information so often lost in the thousands of years between the pyramids and our civilization He begins with the age of the pyramids and Djoser, then on to Snefru and the birth of the true pyramids He then goes into detail of the construction of the Pyramids of Giza A must read for any who love pyramids Hawass has a frank manner of writing which I appreciate, especially his description of the museum holding Khufu s boat as ugly He also tells the reader what he thinks which again is much appreciated I actually enjoyed this oneI am a huge fan of Zahi Hawass and was not disappointed about this book #Read Epub Ô Mountains of the Pharaohs: The Untold Story of the Pyramid Builders õ An unprecedented account of one of civilization s greatest achievements The great pyramids of Giza have intrigued humanity for thousands of years Questions about the construction and the purpose of these majestic monuments have existed since the middle period of ancient Egyptian civilization in the sixth century BC Herodotus was the first of generations of explorers to travel to Egypt in an attempt to unlock their secrets Recent cutting edge research has uncovered information about how and why they were built unimaginable to previous generations In Mountains of the Pharaohs, Zahi Hawass, a world renowned archaeologist and the official guardian of Egypt s timeless treasures, weaves the latest archaeological data and an enthralling family history into spellbinding narrative Nearly five thousand years ago, the fourth dynasty of Egypt s Old Kingdom reigned over a highly advanced civilization Believed to be gods, the royal family lived amidst colossal palaces and temples built to honor them and their deified ancestors Hawass brings these extraordinary historical figures to life, spinning a soap opera like saga complete with murder, incest, and the triumphant ascension to the throne of one of only four queens ever to rule Egypt The magnificent pyramids attest not only to the dynasty s supreme power, but also to the engineering expertise and architectural sophistication that flourished under their rule Hawass argues that the pyramids including the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the World still standing were built by skilled craftsman who took great pride in their work A MOUNTAIN OF DISTORTIONS ENDS IN ZAHI HAWASS S MOUNTAINS OF THE PHARAOHSZahi Hawass has produced another rather sad and sorry book that attempts to transform the ancient African Negro cultures of the Nile Valley into the Middle Eastern culture of Ancient Egypt.Mr Zahi Hawass has set for himself an impossible task.In his mad and frantic flight from the black African realities of his Ancient Egypt, Mr Hawass has embraced an extreme form of out of date German Eurocentricism tinged with mod A MOUNTAIN OF DISTORTIONS ENDS IN ZAHI HAWASS S MOUNTAINS OF THE PHARAOHSZahi Hawass has produced another rather sad and sorry book that attempts to transform the ancient African Negro cultures of the Nile Valley into the Middle Eastern culture of Ancient Egypt.Mr Zahi Hawass has set for himself an impossible task.In his mad and frantic flight from the black African realities of his Ancient Egypt, Mr Hawass has embraced an extreme form of out of date German Eurocentricism tinged with modern Egyptian nationalism.Surely, Mr Hawass knows enough about ancient African Nile valley cultures to realize that his beloved Ancient Egyptians would have instantly considered him to be a sand dweller shau , not a man of the Black Land Kemit Mr Hawass would have been considered a foreigner.Let s state at the outset that Mr Hawass gets no points for being born in Egypt Nor is his attempt at scholarship in anyway enhanced by his place of birth or his nationality.Modern Egyptians had nothing to do with the ancient African Nilotic and nonNilotic cultures of the Nile.Modern Egyptians are mainly the descendants of various invaders and many other settler populations, composed of various Arab tribes, Persians, Greeks, Romans, African,Turks and others.Modern Egypt is not African nor are we talking about the modern country of Egypt Our subject is the ancient African Nile valley civilizations kemet now referred to as Ancient Egypt We must remember that all we admire about ancient Egyptian Civilization was already in place during the reign of Djoser 3rd Dynasty 5018 4989 BC.So the later Arab Muslim invaders 639 641AD and settler populations had nothing to do with the building of Pharaonic civilization along the Nile.After stripping his mythical Ancient Egypt of its black African core, Mr Hawass is left with gross distortions in the form of an empty shell of disconnected facts and silly speculations.On page 6 Mr Hawass writes about the impact of the work of the 150 or so French scientist and scholars who compiled the huge DESCRIPTION de l EGYPT.Hawass goes on to mention Jean Francois Champollion the gifted French linguist who brought the silent hieroglyphic writing back to life The mad flight from Africa emerges almost immediately in the Description de l Egypt there is a very interesting bas reliefs of men jumping over a bull while other men appear to be holding the bull See A Vol V Pyramides de Memphis PL18 8 Monuments of Egypt, Napoleonic Edition ,The Complete Archaeological Plates From LA DESCRIPTION DE L EGYPT, Editors Charles C Gillispie and Michel Dewachter 1987 Princeton Architectural Press.Eurocentric scholars pass over in utter silence the Jumping the bull ceremonies that occurs to this very day in many parts of Africa In these ceremonies the bulls are jumped over as part of initiation rituals.The place of cattle in many parts of modern Africa can help shed light on the ancient cultures of the Nile valley.Yet, Hawass dare not step outside the intellectual paradigm set up by his German masters.Hawass goes on to mention Champollion We must remember that after studying the people, language and culture of the ancient Egyptians, Champollion made this unequivocal statement Tout en semble, en effet, nous montre dans les Egyptiens un peuple tout a fait etranger au continent asiatique In fact everything about the Egyptians seem to show that they were a people completely foreign to the Asian continent See Precis Du Systeme Hieroglyphique Des anciens Egyptiens Elibron Classics page 456.Mr Hawass continues on page 14 with this gross distortion of the African reality that he finds so repulsive In ancient Egypt, queens the king s chief wife, his mother, and sometimes his eldest daughter symbolized the female principle and were essential to rule Mr Zahi Hawass does not want his least informed readers to realize that his Ancient Egypt was not patriarchal The kinship system is completely different from Arab, Hebrew and European kinship patterns Descent was traced through the mother not the father The divine right to be pharaoh came from the Royal Mother.Perhaps this helps explain the many depictions of the Pharaohs seated beside their mothers There are depictions of Pepi sitting on his mother s lap We could give manyexamples This is alien to European cultures and perhapsso to any form of Semitic cultures both Hebrew and Arabic There could be no God without a Goddess in ancient African Nile Valley cultures Like most other African languages the Egyptians had no word for cousin.A cousin would be a brother or a sister since both would have had the same mother the grandmother Hawass ignores these facts and attempts to force his Eurocentric world view on these ancient African peoples we now call Egyptians.Later Mr Hawass admits that the eldest son of the king does not necessarily inherit the throne p.135Mr Hawass even calls George Reisner the great American Egyptologist , yet he clearly has ignored George Reisner s conclusions after a lifetime of study Egyptian civilization was from the south and from the black tribes of Punt and that Egypt and Lower Nubia were culturally and racially one land.See Race and the Writing of History Maghan Keita, 2000 Oxford, page 79.Mr Hawass continues to distort the ancient cultures of the Nile when he writes on page 136 that the dwarf performed dances for the amusement of the king.This is a typical euro centric distortion.If Mr Hawass knew anything about African cultures he would know that the Twa peoples the dwarfs have always been associated with the mythology and culture of African life Not only did they perform sacred dances of Gods and Goddesses in African religions each deity has a special dance and a particular piece of music, this seems to have also been the case in ancient Egypt the deng dwarfs also took part in burial ceremonies of the sacred Apis bull This indicates a profound cultural , ethnic and racial connection between the Egyptians and other African peoples Dwarfs have always been considered keepers and guardians of wild and domestic animals In Peul mythologies of Senegal dwarfs were said to have been the original shepherd for the sacred cattle of the God Geno Dwarfs were believed to bring good fortune to others So we see that dwarfs were an integral part of both ancient Egyptian African cultures and modern African cultures See De L Origine Egyptienne Des Peuls ,Aboubacry Moussa Lam Presence Africaine.Mr Hawass engages in this kind of distortions time and time again in this book So much so ,until the book collapses under the heavy weight.In his effort to strip Ancient Egypt of all things African, Mr Hawass has delivered a mass of distortions and personal opinion based largely on dogma and ideology.Perhaps Mr Zahi Hawass should spend less time with his fan club and his line of clothes and hats.In any case, this is a book that cries out for the oblivion that it so richly deserves A couple of years ago, I read Zahi Hawass s autobiography, Secrets From the Sand It covered his career from his start in Egyptian archaeology to his current position as Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities I was impressed with his story, and his general outlook Unfortunately, I missed an opportunity to see a free lecture he did in Reno a few months ago Mountains of the Pharaohs is his latest book It serves as a general explanation of what is known, thought, and debated A couple of years ago, I read Zahi Hawass s autobiography, Secrets From the Sand It covered his career from his start in Egyptian archaeology to his current position as Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities I was impressed with his story, and his general outlook Unfortunately, I missed an opportunity to see a free lecture he did in Reno a few months ago Mountains of the Pharaohs is his latest book It serves as a general explanation of what is known, thought, and debated about the dynasty that built the pyramids at Giza The format is kind of interesting Hawass begins each chapter with a short sketch of what might have been happening in the lives of the ancient Egyptian kings, craftmen or workmen, then explains why that is a plausible scenario using whatever evidence is available Pretty interesting how little is actually known about that period, and how much of Egytpology is based on inference and guesses What most impressed me was the level headed approach Dr Hawass takes if there is debate on an issue, he explains or at least mentions all sides of it, seemingly not weighting his viewthan any others It was refreshing to hear a topic like this presented in what seemed like an unbiased way Fascinating While I really dislike Hawass when he struts across the screen during the many documentaries on ancient Egypt, I like him as an author.There is so muchat the Pyramids at Giza in Egypt than just the pyramids themselves Asandresearch is coming to light,is becoming known about not only the pyramids themselves, but also about the Pharaohs who ordered them built butimportantly about the people who worked on building them.I ve come to the conclusion that, unless a book a While I really dislike Hawass when he struts across the screen during the many documentaries on ancient Egypt, I like him as an author.There is so muchat the Pyramids at Giza in Egypt than just the pyramids themselves Asandresearch is coming to light,is becoming known about not only the pyramids themselves, but also about the Pharaohs who ordered them built butimportantly about the people who worked on building them.I ve come to the conclusion that, unless a book about ancient Egypt is a renowned classic, it is best not to read any book if it isthan 6 8 years old New information is coming to light all the time and a book written even 10 years ago can have what we now know are errors This book is a good one to read for now, but in a few years eveninformation will be known rendering this one out of date, too Did you know Hawass is a world famous Egyptologist Did you know he s responsible for some amazing archeological finds Did you also know that he s so brilliant that he s discovered ruins completely by accident or after a heart attack Well read this book and let him tell you He sure likes to talk about himself The fictional narratives at the beginning of each book are the only reason I gave this two stars They are riveting, but far too brief He then tries to justify each narrative with the h Did you know Hawass is a world famous Egyptologist Did you know he s responsible for some amazing archeological finds Did you also know that he s so brilliant that he s discovered ruins completely by accident or after a heart attack Well read this book and let him tell you He sure likes to talk about himself The fictional narratives at the beginning of each book are the only reason I gave this two stars They are riveting, but far too brief He then tries to justify each narrative with the history of Ancient Egyptian culture This is a good introduction to the 4th Dynasty pyramid builders, but if you want to knowinformation about a articular source, good luck flipping through the bibliography Even wikipedia cites better than this guy If you like Egyptology, you will love this book If you don t know what Egyptology means, you probably won t love this book If you are like me, and you really want to like Egyptology but whenever you read anything about Egypt you feel as though your brain is being extracted through your naval cavity, who knows what you ll think of this book.Mountains of the Pharaohs is interesting in that it endeavors to tell the whole story of how the Great Pyramids were built It does this with minute detail If you like Egyptology, you will love this book If you don t know what Egyptology means, you probably won t love this book If you are like me, and you really want to like Egyptology but whenever you read anything about Egypt you feel as though your brain is being extracted through your naval cavity, who knows what you ll think of this book.Mountains of the Pharaohs is interesting in that it endeavors to tell the whole story of how the Great Pyramids were built It does this with minute detail which is sure to fascinate the scholar, but tends to leave the guys who don t like to get sand in their shoes, like me, a little lost Hawass does throw a bone to guys like me by filling in the gaps of his historic puzzle with little anecdotes about what people in Ancient Egypt might have said or done in a certain situation But, not even this occasional narrative departure enticed me because I was trapped in believing that he couldn t know what they actually said or did out of the historical artifacts he has collected The author even admits to this Hey, he s trying I can t fault him for that.So, very well written Obviously very well studied Just not very well entertaining At least for me, the average Djoser who prefers Memphis rub to Memphis statuaries That s a little joke for all you Egyptologists out there Take it or leave it Lei la versi n en espa ol de este libro publicada por Cr tica y que encontr en una secci n de rebajas en la Librer a Panamericana en Medell n Nunca entend como un libro con un tema tan atractivo como la historia de las pir mides en Guiz , escrita por uno de los m s reconocidos y carism ticos egipt logos de las ltimas d cadas, Zahi Hawass, podr a estar entre las rebajas.Las bondades del libro La narraci n detallada de la planeacion, construcci n y decadencia de unos de las obras de ingenie Lei la versi n en espa ol de este libro publicada por Cr tica y que encontr en una secci n de rebajas en la Librer a Panamericana en Medell n Nunca entend como un libro con un tema tan atractivo como la historia de las pir mides en Guiz , escrita por uno de los m s reconocidos y carism ticos egipt logos de las ltimas d cadas, Zahi Hawass, podr a estar entre las rebajas.Las bondades del libro La narraci n detallada de la planeacion, construcci n y decadencia de unos de las obras de ingenier a m s fant sticas que nos leg la antig edad, las pir mides de Guiza El inicio de cada cap tulo contiene una peque a narraci n, de estilo literario y teniendo como protagonistas los personajes hist ricos alrededor de las pir mides, que me recordaron al maravilloso Sinuhe el Egipcio de Mika Waltari No estoy muy seguro si estas narraciones iniciales, que de extenderse podr an constituir por s mismas un entretenido libro, fueron escritas por el autor o por un escritor o periodista colaborador que de existir tampoco es mencionado en los agradecimientos pero jugando a la arqueolog a que es una suerte de ciencia forense geol gica dir a que as es El estilo literario es impecable y contrasta con la t cnica m s cient fica del resto del texto.Lo malo del texto por lo que no le doy m s estrellas en la puntuaci n las prolongadas e in tiles descripciones del interior de las pir mides, los templos y estructuras adyacentes a ellas que lamentablemente no vienen acompa adas de suficientes ilustraciones y planos En m s de una ocasi n me vi consultando Google y Wikipedia Para entender la descripci n de una pir mide o de una estela En otras ni siquiera encontr una versi n en l nea que pudiera contrastar con el texto No se si esto lo hicieron los editores para ahorrarse unos centavos Espero que si el texto tiene una edici n futura ojal la hagan mejor ilustrada.El manejo de los nombres de los personajes, las inscripciones jerogl ficas que les corresponden y que se reproducen bellamente en algunos apartes del libro tambi n es inadecuado Si bien Zahi es egipcio y seguro respeta la tradici n de usar correctamente los nombres de muchos personajes Queope en lugar de Keops griego , el libro deber a tener una tabla que presentar las equivalencias y la raz n de la diversidad de esos nombres, as como su correspondencia en ar bigo, un idioma en el que est n escritos con su correspondencia en castellano por ejemplo el nombre de muchos lugares en el texto.En s ntesis un bello e ilustrativo libro, que como la esfinge tiene una naturaleza dual, mitad texto acad mico, mitad texto divulgado sobre un tema que no ha pasado de moda en 4,600 a os y del que parece por algunos misterios inacabados que describe el mismo texto se seguir hablando por otro par de milenios