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@Download Ebook î Arctic Summer á In , the SS Birmingham approaches India On board is Morgan Forster, novelist and man of letters, who is embarking on a journey of discovery As Morgan stands on deck, the promise of a strange new future begins to take shape before his eyes The seeds of a story start to gather at the corner of his mind a sense of impending menace, lust in close confines, under a h A fascinating portrait of E.M Forster and his long struggle to produce A passage to India Galgut s prose is always well judged and readable, and it left me wanting to read Forster. Inside a Very Private ManI knew E M Forster at Cambridge That is to say, he allowed me to visit him in his rooms at King s College a couple of times in 1962, when I was a young undergraduate We talked about those few subjects on which he would willingly open up mainly music, art, and literature sufficiently removed from his own I found him genial, witty, and welcoming, but also extraordinarily private on any matter having to do with his life or work Many years later, after he was long dead Inside a Very Private ManI knew E M Forster at Cambridge That is to say, he allowed me to visit him in his rooms at King s College a couple of times in 1962, when I was a young undergraduate We talked about those few subjects on which he would willingly open up mainly music, art, and literature sufficiently removed from his own I found him genial, witty, and welcoming, but also extraordinarily private on any matter having to do with his life or work Many years later, after he was long dead, I got to know him in a different way, through adapting his novelWhere Angels Fear to Treadas an opera libretto The choices I had to make gave me a closer insight into Forster s mind as an artist, as I tried to work out not only what was most essential in what he wrote, but also tentatively what might lie behind the lines that he could not write I believe I have read all his fiction other than the incomplete Arctic Summer, whose title the South African writer Damon Galgut borrowed for his biographical novel I have now corrected that omission But I have never read a traditional biography of Forster, so this was a revelation, like seeing an old acquaintance in a new light, fresh but familiar at the same time.The novel opens just over a century ago and fifty years before I met him , on the steamship carrying Edward Morgan Forster on his first visit to India, in 1912 Immediately, I felt that Galgut had captured his personality just right his crumpled, second hand appearance, which made him seem like a tradesman of some kind his exquisite politeness his extraordinary reticence about personal matters of any kind, especially sexual ones On board ship, he meets a young army officer called Searight, who recognizes a kindred spirit in Morgan, and is not reticent at all The author, already famous from the success of his fourth published novel, Howards End, is both horrified and intrigued For although recognizing himself as a homosexual Galgut s period appropriate term is minorite and yearning for love, he would remain a virgin until he was 37.Galgut s approach is rather similar to what Colm T ib n did for Henry James in The Master, though he is less episodic and I thinkrevealing Both men, according to their authors, were attracted to young men of a lower class, though both struggled against expressing or even admitting it But unlike James, who easily assumed his status as a public figure, Galgut s Forster is a mass of insecurities, and feels himself something of a fraud He is also presented as a profoundly lonely man, seeking love and human companionship, but deterred from finding it because of the complications of his physical urges.Three of the long chapters which make up the meat of this book are named after men, all of other races, each of whom was important to Morgan at different phases of his life There is Masood, an Indian barrister of good family whom he tutored for admission to Oxford years before, and is now his chief reason for visiting India now Masood will give much, but he cannot give him all Then there is Mohammed, a tram conductor whom Morgan befriends during the years he spends in Alexandria during the War, working for the Red Cross And finally Bapu Sahib, the Indian Mahahrajah who invites Morgan to his court as Private Secretary in the early 1920 s theirs is by no means a sexual relationship, but based on mutual respect and fondness it also coincides with what was probably the least closeted period of Forster s life.For the inability to let go emotionally is what Forster sees as the besetting handicap of the English upper middle class, entrenched behind walls of xenophobia and convention It is the subject of his early novels such as Where Angels Fear to Tread Even knowing that book as well as I do, Galgut gave me new insights I understood the magnetic charm of the Italian ruffian, Gino Carella, and his effect on the hero, Philip Herriton I also understood that Philip could noadmit these things than could Forster himself, also still trapped in the middle class proprieties of his mother s world But away from England, in each of his voyages East, to India, Egypt, and India again, he found himself loosening upandHis masterpiece, A Passage to India, went far to expressing the contrasts, not just between two cultures but two sides of his personality But it did not resolve them one of Galgut s most impressive scenes is the one in which Forster realizes that the book must be built around an unsolved mystery And Morgan Forster never could resolve them in print He lived for 46 years longer, but never wrote another novel.Galgut s book also made me sad How little I knew back then Withhomework, for instance, I could have asked Forster about his literary friends, Virginia and Leonard Woolf, D H Lawrence, and C V Cavafy, all of whom figure in Galgut s book But he would have brushed me off with polite evasions For though I shared his conversation and his whiskey, I could never really know him Now, after reading this deeply perceptive novel, in some essential way I do The three act opera was composed by Mark Lanz Weiser It received its student premiere at the Peabody Conservatory in Balti in 1999 Its professional premiere was given by Opera San Jose in February, 2015 Having recently read Damon Galgut s In A Strange Room, which was brilliant, and having a life long love of E.M Forster, I was prepared to love this novel about the English writer I liked it a lot but for some reason not quite as much as I loved The Master, a similar novel, in which Colm To b n eloquently and plausibly muses on Henry James s life and books.As in The Master, in which To b n calls his protagonist Henry, Galgut calls his hero Morgan throughout, lovingly as I interpreted it, and it Having recently read Damon Galgut s In A Strange Room, which was brilliant, and having a life long love of E.M Forster, I was prepared to love this novel about the English writer I liked it a lot but for some reason not quite as much as I loved The Master, a similar novel, in which Colm To b n eloquently and plausibly muses on Henry James s life and books.As in The Master, in which To b n calls his protagonist Henry, Galgut calls his hero Morgan throughout, lovingly as I interpreted it, and it brings the reader closer to him and his first name wasn t meant to be Edward anyway, Galgut tells us his father accidentally said his own name at the christening Had he been less absent minded, Forster s first name would have been the same as James s The title Arctic Summer was the title of a novel Forster never finished and seems fitting for this portrait of him, his last and unrevealed story, as it were It is part plausible story telling based on research and part Galgut s rendition of Forster s thoughts about his homosexuality and the two main loves of his life at least during the period that we follow him , Syed Ross Masood and Mohammed el Adl, and less so his thoughts about his books In a conversation with Virginia and Leonard Woolf at the end of the novel, Forster says that he isn t really a novelist Virginia agrees, Leonard does not For my own part, I would have liked a bitabout his novels.Galgut returns to India in this novel, and to travelling He creates a story in which Forster puts together his major works, but the novel builds up to the creation of what many consider to be Forster s masterpiece, A Passage to India Galgut s novel delineates the other novel s development and suggests where many of its ideas spring from It took Forster some twelve years to write he continually abandoned it, deeming his memories of India inauthentic, until he visited it again Lines from Passage are strewn throughout this novel as if Forster had picked up bits and pieces from conversations and events over the 12 years from its conception to its final composition, which he may well have done I recognized lines spoken by Dr Aziz and Dr Godbole, descriptions of Forster s journey to the Barabar Caves which became the Marabar Caves and his thoughts on the British Raj, many of which made Passage such an important book at the time Forster had the keenest eyes when it came to observing the English in India but also in depth knowledge of some of the differences between Hindus and Muslims in India and, thus, of the complexities of Indian politics at the time A lot of guess work is necessarily involved as to Forster s feelings of loss and inadequacy, his way of being a forlorn, gentle man unable to fathom, let alone experience, the depths of his own sexual desires We are reminded in the beginning of the novel that Wilde was imprisoned only 17 years previously Much of this is both probable and reasonable, but I felt less willing to grant Galgut the liberty of imagining Forster s small sexual encounters so explicitly It seemed intrusive somehow because Forster himself hid this part of himself from all but his closest friends, although I suspect that may have been one of Galgut s reasons for including them to imagine them out into the open And my need to protect Forster post humously is no doubt entirely misplaced this is art, after all but those were my feelings I have to admit that it also grated on my ears that the word nevertheless is used perhaps 20 times in the novel yet didn t work Or even so, however , leaving it out.In conclusion, though, I read this as an affective homage to Forster Like Forster and through painting this portrait of him Galgut explores human connections and travelling, two of my favourite topics At one point in the novel, Forster sees a sign in India which is characteristically misspelled and which comes to be a kind of theme in A Passage to India the memorable God si love, an orthographically inaccurate but quite wonderful way, to my mind, of reiterating the epigraph to Howards End Only connect You see, he told Morgan It s as I said Everything comes down to religion, and it s dull, dull, dull Religion is perhaps not the only element at work here What do you mean Oh yes, I see but even that part of it is dull A mixture of rapture and cowardice No action, but all that quivering Oh lawks a mercy I seem to have turned into one of those people who need something to happen occasionally in the books they are reading Beautifully, sensitively written But once laid down, it w You see, he told Morgan It s as I said Everything comes down to religion, and it s dull, dull, dull Religion is perhaps not the only element at work here What do you mean Oh yes, I see but even that part of it is dull A mixture of rapture and cowardice No action, but all that quivering Oh lawks a mercy I seem to have turned into one of those people who need something to happen occasionally in the books they are reading Beautifully, sensitively written But once laid down, it was hard to pick up again At first I blamed the excruciating font, the rough paper, my reddened streaming eyes I battled on, because I have loved Mr Galgut s work in the past But it really was a mixture of rapture and very understandable cowardice No action, but all that quivering